An internship is a form of employment offered to undergraduates and new graduates. It is a contract-based employment that is usually aimed at helping the individual gain professional experience in their field. It is focused on impacting practical skills in the intern while the employer has the benefit of labour.
Types of internships
Generally, internships are either paid or unpaid. There are different types of internships, varying from field to field, career to career, but we shall be examining three versatile types.
This is the most common form of internship in Nigeria. It is a collaborative arrangement between the university or tertiary institution and the company or organization. Students are directed to the organizations to work as interns and they gain credits (get graded) based on their performance. The organizations are usually relative to the course of study. This internship is generally unpaid but some companies extend benefits to their student interns.
Similar to cooperative education, practicum is a more hands-on approach. This is done by students in a specialization-course. They get assigned to specific organizations for practical learning and application of their education thus far. Students on practicum internship have a school-assigned supervisor and a field work supervisor.
This is mostly done by fresh graduates. While awaiting full-time employment, graduates apply for internship and graduate training programs. This is done to increase their level of experience and knowledge-base. Often, they are retained after their internships as staff on the condition of their performance.
Internships are the best ways to learn while practicing and applying your knowledge. Paid or not, the experience is usually worth it!